Inspired in Phnom Penh

September 16, 2008 § 1 Comment

Hanging with Samoeun Sothyro last week left me inspired and hopeful. Sothyro is is the communications manager at a small environmental NGO in Phnom Penh. He’s also the guy charged with building an online knowledge sharing network amongst IDRC-backed research organizations in Cambodia. These are groups working on everything from natural resource management to human rights law to community internet access.

Sothyro Presenting to Network Partners

It’s not an easy gig. Sothyro and I met with about 15 of these orgs early this year. While they all had vision and excitement about swapping information, most also felt succeeding online wasn’t going to be easy. In the months since these meetings, Sothyro has rallied support and convinced people they get there if they just focus on simple things.

One of the big barriers in Cambodia remains good, affordable Internet access — even in Phnom Penh. A basic, shared access 1 megabit office connection is $US1200+ a month. This is slower than my cable modem in Toronto and 20 times the price. Along with some colleagues, Sothyro has started talking to ISPs about getting deep discounts if all the members of his buy as a block. I joined him on a few ISP meetings while in Cambodia last week, and it looks like the idea may get traction. If it does, it’s an immediate ‘let’s use the internet more’ win for the research network partners.

Sothyro also wants to create a very simple, bloggish site that shows people it’s not such a big deal to post their own content. He showed me a MS Word mockup. As I was giving him feedback, I showed the new Ning site. A light bulb went on. He had the mockup working on Ning — in both English and Khmer! — in 24 hours. He then rolled it out to partners at a meeting we were both at, making it way easier for people to give feedback. It also showed them that swapping their own information online isn’t going to be that hard. [side niggle with Ning: We found another site that had done Ning Khmer interface translation but could build off what they’d done. The Ning people should make it way easier to share and leverage other people’s localizations.]

Why was I inspired? Because here’s a guy in a place where people are skeptical about the possibility of getting stuff done on online (and with good reason), and he’s just running ahead and doing it with passion. It’s energizing to be around people like this and see them move. Go, Sothyro! And lemme know if you need any help along the way.

PS. This is the last trip I will be doing for IDRC for quite a long while, I suspect. End of an era. Strange.

Rockin’ the telecentre house

March 14, 2008 Comments Off on Rockin’ the telecentre house

Over the past six months, alot of people have asked me ‘how’s it going with’ My response has typically been: ‘Ah, umm, okay. I think.’ 2007 was a year of change and uncertainty.

My answer changed to ‘ is rockin’ the house’ this week as I hung with the whole team in Valparaiso.


This team is focused on concrete action that can truly help telecentres: a global training academy; a venture fund that will help telecentre networks and their members become successful social enterprises; a research program that will dig deep into the social and economic impact of public access computing. Also, there is new and strong communications team in place to capture and share stories of what is happening across the telecentre movement. Florencio has done a great job rebuilding this team, and they are moving fast.

Being at the team meeting also reminded me how much the community has achieved in the past three years. There are existing and emerging telecentre networks in almost 50 countries. There are strong grassroots leaders who are spreading the ethos on every continent. And, most importantly of all, the whole conversation about telecentres has shifted from ‘this is a dying idea’ to ‘this is a social entrepreneurial spark that’s about to catch fire’. While there is lots more concrete work to do, the telecentre movement has come a long way in the last few years.

From my side, I’ve made a commitment to work with the team for at least another year. My main job will be to focus on social enterprise development, with most of my time going into the creation of a small (and probably single-region) social venture fund to help networks develop into product and service channels. I will also continue to work on the development of new global partnerships.

It was a pleasure to hang with the whole crew again. They’ve got the tunes cranked and they are rockin’ the house in a big way. It’s a party worth watching, and joining.

Village backbone

February 19, 2008 Comments Off on Village backbone

While in Cambodia last week, I spent two wonderful days visiting telecentres and network hubs run by the iReach project. The idea behind iReach is to create 10 telecentres in two rural areas all connected to each other by wireless broadband (10mb/sec). One of the sites has a mediumband satellite Internet connection which is then shared across all the sites. However, the Internet is not the main point. Rather, the idea is to do broadband sharing within the 10 villages, which can be up to 20 kilometres apart.


The idea is a brilliant: connect people locally using the best and fastest technology, and leave the Internet as an afterthought. The people running the two iReach pilots are already thinking of interesting ways to make this useful. Podcasts of local people talking about local issues beamed via the network to loudspeakers outside of local pagodas. Video conferences to teach English. Cooperation amongst local committee members democratically managing the project. There are difficulties, but things like this are happening (or about to happen).


However, it also feels like there is still a ton of untapped potential. These networks could provide an excellent channel for NGOs (or even the government?) who say they want to reach out and work with communities like these. The people and technology are in place to offer education, health care, government services and anything else imaginable to these communities, at least in part. There is also potential for interesting new business models, like the VillageTelco idea Steve Song is playing with. The next challenge for the iReach project will be to show people who say they want to reach out to these communities how the network can help make things like these happen. My sense is they are ready for this.


A side note, which really should be its own story: I was super impressed by the role that the Maharishi Vedic University. This institution is acting as the lead for the iReach project in Kamshai Mear. They oversee the project, have helped build to local management committee and have sourced many of the staff. What’s impressive is how their combination of community development plus Bhuddist spirituality have given the project such a firm footing. All of the people we met and content we saw was very much *of* the communities being served. Example: an video promoting schoold enrollment with actors from the local management committee and villages. It’s hard to describe, but it felt alot like Sarvodaya meets Challenge for Change. Quite impressive, and likely to be a good mix with the local hitech / broadband model.

Telecentres, jobs … and movements

June 22, 2007 Comments Off on Telecentres, jobs … and movements

Barcelona, Spain. June 19+20. Earlier this week, about 40 people gathered in Barcelona to talk about ‘e-skills and employability’. In many ways, this was a typical meeting. Everyone attending – including host organization Fundación Esplai – was in the business of running telecentres or other community technology projects. The event helped them build new friendships, learn skills and practices from each other and, in some cases, surface opportunities to work together. However, one thing this meeting was different. The common touch point was not just the telecentres, but also a commitment to using technology to help people get jobs or start businesses.


At some level, this focus in the European community tech space is being driven by European Union policy makers and companies like Microsoft and Cisco. These players are ringing bells to say that Europe will be short two million skilled IT workers in coming years, and that filling this gap is key to the economic survival of the continent. As this issue becomes stronger on the policy and corporate radar, NGOs like the ones I met in Barcelona are saying: “… hey, we’ve been working on this for years. We know how to help people get these skills. We can help.”

It seems that this message is being heard, especially by the EU and Microsoft people who were at the event. A new social market is emerging and these community tech NGOs are moving in shape it and take advantage of it. That’s a good thing. However, I don’t think it is the most interesting thing.


What’s more interesting is that almost all the community tech organizations at the Barcelona event saw ‘jobs and employment’ as part of a broader poverty fighting | social justice | empowerment agenda. On day one, we did a spectrogram exercise on the statement ‘eskills is the most important issue that my organization works on’.  The bulk of people ended up on the middle of the line, saying that providing computer skills isn’t simply about helping people get a job. It’s also about creating a sense of confidence, an opportunity for self expression and a chance to shape and bend the world around you. This is what sets computer skills apart.

This holistic perspective is pretty typical of telecentre and community technology people around the world. They are in this game because they believe that offering access to technology offers a way engage people on a broad social change and empowerment agenda. It’s no wonder that some of the best telecentre projects come from large scale, well rooted movement organizations like Sarvodaya and Esplai. In the end, this is a great strength of the telecentre movement … a strength that grounds and deepens the kind of initiatives are likely to emerge around the EU e-skills and employability agenda.

The sad thing – and the thing that was different about the Barcelona event – is that community tech organizations rarely communicate this broader agenda. They sound like they are just pushing access to technology and basic skills. And, when they do, they tend to talk in broad platitudes about things like ‘poverty reduction’. This is neither inspiring nor convincing.


The upside of what’s happening in Europe is that community tech organizations are being forced to think and communicate about themselves in the context of very specific social markets and social change opportunities. Access, training or generalized statements about social impact are no longer enough to justify funding or other kinds of support. However, bringing 10+ years of socially focused tech service delivery experience to help Europe address the skills gap (and possibly to radicalize the debate in the process) is a very specific value proposition. It’s likely that these organizations can sustain their relevance for another 10 years if they can deliver on this value.

There is a lesson in this for the global telecentre movement: experienced telecentre organizations have huge potential as platforms for policy makers and corporates who want to reach out to marginalized communities. This in turn has the potential to generating more value for communities and creating new revenue sources for telecentres. Seizing this opportunity is at once a matter of holding on to traditional telecentre movement values while at the same time being clearer and more specific about what these values have to offer to the world. Luckily, seizing this opportunity and communicating more clearly is not something that telecentres need to do alone. That’s the good part of belonging to a global movement.

A real team

May 6, 2007 Comments Off on A real team

Delhi, May 2007. This past week I had the pleasure to be at a Training Commons meeting in Delhi. The Training Commons started about 18 months ago as an effort to encourage telecentre organizations in India to share the material they use to train new managers and coordinators at the village level. In the end, it evolved to become a much simpler attempt to create Telecentre Management Training Materials in five areas: grassroots marketing; entrepreneurship; infomediary skills; grassroots communication; and community development. These materials are being developed by a consortium that include NASSCOM Foundation, TaraHaat, World Corps, MSSRF and Plan International.


It was great to be back in the conversation and to see the partners really working as a team. I found out that the first text versions of these materials are almost done (the meeting was a feedback and planning session). Once this is done, it looks like the partners themselves will use these materials and like the Indira Gandhi National Open University may build a program with these modules as a foundation. Also, the process itself has been notable: you really see a collective effort from organizations with very different ideas about telecentres. This is the kind of networking for concrete outcomes that needs to be doing more of.


May 6, 2007 Comments Off on Fusing

Colombo, Sri Lanka, April 2007. While I was in Sri Lanka, Sarvodaya launched it’s new Fusion program at HQ in Moratuwa. Watching the Fusion powerpoint, it was tempting to ask: what is this? In some ways it comes across as a mishmash of telecentres, e-agriculture activities and everything else under the sun. While can be confusing at first, it makes sense. Much of Fusion’s basic logic is built around the idea of rationalizing and accelerating all of Sarvodaya’s existing ICT4D efforts (telecentres, community outreach, training, wireless, content). Over the years,these things have all spread apart with different teams, managers and offices all over the Colombo area. It was time to rope them all in and then head off in a single direction. At the most simple level, this is what Fusion is doing.


However, it is clear than Fusion is – or at least can be – much more when you take the time to sit with the whole team, as I did last Saturday. It really is a ‘fusion’ of ideas, programs and vision that is quite rare. You have people on the team who come from accounting and sales, technologists and tinkerers and community development activists who have worked in Sarvodaya for almost 20 years. Together, these people have the chance to mix together the wisdom from Sarvodaya’s history with the creativity, the power of new information technologies and opportunity of social enterprise ideas. In the immediate term, these folks may only merge Sarvodaya’s existing ICT programs (useful but not visionary). However, In the long run, I expect these people are going to create a current that will make people around the world pay attention.


It’s worth saying that Fusion’s business plan (like the powerpoint) doesn’t yet tell the story of the people, networks and ground presence that sit behind Fusion. I have offered to help Harsha with this, helping to better describe these existing assets and looking at future products … and generally to make the plan less NGOish.

Social enterprise, or sustainability

May 6, 2007 Comments Off on Social enterprise, or sustainability

Moratuwa, Sri Lanka, April 2007. “You should be talking about sustainability, not social enterprise.” Those were Rich Fuchs’ words very early on in our discussion about the SustainabilityFirst! report, a plan invest in social enterprises that offer revenue generating services via telecentres (giving the telecentres a cut).

The aim of the discussion was to finalize how would roll out this global fund. In the end, we (Floro, Harsha, Loic, Eva and Rich) decided to tear up the document and start over. It’s not that the analysis in the document was wrong. There is in fact a huge opportunity for both sustainability and public good in the telecentre services space. Think of what telecentres could do if they had access to a menu of health, education and government services that they could easily offer to their communities for a small fee? Rather, the insight we came to was that a new ‘fund’ targeting a dozen or so social enterprises would not likely be enough to really build momentum in the services space. Also, we felt the fund represented a ‘grow’ (distraction) approach. We need to ‘deepen’ (our new mantra of nurturing and strengthening our existing network partners).

So, we asked ourselves: how can we push the sustainability and services envelopes through our existing networks? At least part of the answer was right in front of us at Sarvodaya. Harsha’s team had recently been approached by a number of local companies with services to offer through telecentres. And, as the lead for the Sri Lanka Telecentre Family, this team was also working with NESST to develop a new set of digital skills courses to be offered for a fee through both Nenasalas and telecentres. This mashup of opportunistic partnership development, rigorous business planning and business coaching for key team members looks like it will allow Fusion / Sarvodaya / SLTF not only to help its partners become sustainable but also to become sustainable itself.

Based on this observation, we resurrected the SustainabilityFirst! moniker and came up with a new collection of activities aimed at helping our network partners become ‘sustainability channels’. This will include a mix of capacity building and mentoring for key ‘sustainability activists’ in our partner networks as well very small as needed grant funds and a community of practice connecting these activists together. We will start developing a concrete plan on this in the coming weeks.

Question-ware in rural Sri Lanka

May 6, 2007 Comments Off on Question-ware in rural Sri Lanka

Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka, April 2007. Our main goal in going up to the Anuradhapura region of Sri Lanka was to visit a Village Information Centre (VIC). These Centres offer basic access to information through a collection of printed articles and brochures posted on a wall. Information focuses on health, education, government and, especially, agriculture. If a local person cannot find the information they need, the volunteers who staff the Centre can go into the telecentre 20 kilometres away (or make a mobile call?) to get additional information to be posted on the wall. The Centres themselves are built and financed by the local members of the Sarvodaya Society.


In the village we visited, it was clear that farmers and others did make some use of the Centre. It also looked like there was a great deal of untapped potential. When I asked the volunteers: when was the last time you actually had to seek out information in response to a request from a villager? They pointed to a handwritten sign with information about identity cards that people had been asking for (and that there were no government brochures on). This was an interesting example of the human interface to the information society in action. However,  when I asked for more examples, there weren’t any. The villagers were not doing much to take advantage of this resource that they had collectively created.


After seeing the Centre, we sat with the local farmers for lunch and asked them some questions. They understood the basic information supports they could now access, especially from more skilled Sarvodaya staff who visit the Centre to offer specific agricultural advice from time to time. However, it was clear that they could find way more kinds of helpful information if they could just ask. What are the crop prices? Can we find any other people to sell to than the local middle man? What about finding a tractor to share? This wasn’t something that came naturally, so they we’re asking the volunteers questions like this.


These farmers are used to knowing what they can ask of the person beside them, and not of the broader Google-society. Clearly, Centres like this will become more valuable for the communities they serve on the volunteers are better at helping the local people ask questions that will solve their problems. The D.Net Pallitathya Kendra program with roaming information activists may offer a model here.

Accidental (telecentre) tourist

May 6, 2007 Comments Off on Accidental (telecentre) tourist

Moratuwa, Sri Lanka, April 2007. There was a big orange blob way ahead. It got bigger, and bigger. And then we stopped the van. The orange blob was actually a small building housing a Nenasala, an entrepreneurial rural telecentre created with financing and infrastructure from the eSriLanka program.


While the owner was surprised to see two van loads of people walking towards his telecentre, he was happy to talk. Turns out that his Nenasala has been up and running only six months, and that he also has a job working at a local Ministry of Agriculture extension telecentre (it seems these kinds of centres should be more tightly linked!). While the place was filled with kids using the computers, he said the biggest problem was getting customers. He also had trouble splitting his time with his other centre.


It was a nice treat to accidentally stumble across a working Nenasala with a passionate owner. But clearly, there was a need for more than connectivity (which they had) and computers. There seemed to be demand (or at least operator interest) in more formal agricultural service.  Hopefully, the The Telecentre Family can serve as a way for ICTA, Sarvodaya and others to come up with many innovative services to fill this kind of need. There was no question that the owner was happy to hear of this initiative. He said he’d like to get involved when it comes to his part of the country.

Getting ready for GK3

May 6, 2007 Comments Off on Getting ready for GK3

Singapore, April 2007. On a quick stop through Singapore last week, we held a number of meetings to get ready for this December’s GK3 event. In the room: Marcia from IDRC; Florencio from; and Dash from Warisan Global in Kuala Lumpur.

The up shot of the meeting was this: the team has agreed to use GK3 as a major gathering point for our partners this year. At the very least we will be doing two things:

  • Leaders Forum that will gather all of our networks and ambassadors in one place. The idea is to get these folks in deep learning and deep collaboration planning modes. It will happen on the two days before GK3.
  • Telecentre Track at GK3 that mixes our grassrootss partners up with corporates and thinkers from the broader ICT4D space. The aim here will be to give our partners both a stage and a feedback from smart people working in different contexts.

We also explored the idea of a Telecentre Village, which would be a trade show for telecentre models. Talking this through helped us understand that this may me a bigger and more complicated task than we thought. We need to dig into this at the GKP meetings in Europe next week to see if there really is the demand for doing something like this. If we do go with the Village idea, Dash from Warisan will help to roll it out.

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